Assessment of Power Sector Reform in Vietnam
Demand for energy and electricity in Asia and the Pacific continues to soar due to their rapidly growing population and fast developing economies. The region thus needs a stronger and more responsive energy sector to attain more inclusive, environmentally sustainable economic growth. Toward this end, several developing countries in the region have undertaken a host of power sector reforms, and this three-country study was conducted by the Asian Development Bank to assess the relative successes and shortfalls of their respective reforms in achieving the targeted outcomes. Viet Nam, one of the three countries covered by the study, is following a road map for its power sector that envisions a fully operational competitive wholesale market by 2017 and a fully competitive retail market by 2023. It has subjected a number of its power generation and distribution assets to equitization, which involved corporatizing them into joint stock companies and selling their shares to other government-owned companies. The reform process has now functionally unbundled the industry’s monopoly structure and made possible several institutional, regulatory, and pricing reforms. This country report attempts to assess the economic, social, and environmental outcomes of these reforms by using internationally recognized energy indicators for sustainable development. We believe that it can provide other ADB member economies with useful insights for better power sector planning and decision making as well as policy and strategy formulation. It should also serve as invaluable guidance for improving ADB’s country and regional energy operations and assistance
Take action to restructure the economy and transform the growth model in accordance with the roadmap and proper steps to establish, by 2020, a more in-depth model of economic growth that ensures the quality of growth and a more efficient and competitive economy.